What Is Abdominal Pain? Causes Of Abdominal Pain And Treatment

by | Jun 17, 2021 | Health Domain, UrgentWay Blog

The pain that occurs between chest and pelvic region is known as abdominal pain. Abdominal pain can be of many types as cramps, achy, dull, sharp and intermittent.  Infection or disease of all the organs situated in the abdomen can be the causes of abdominal pain or stomach ache. There are several reasons that can lead to abdominal pain like infection, inflammation, obstruction, and intestinal disorder. The throat infection can also disturb the digestive tract, resulting in abdominal pain. The location of the abdominal pain indicates its cause.


Causes Of Abdominal Pain:

General Causes

Some general causes that may lead towards the pain in any zone of abdomen such as:

  • Bloody stools
  • Black Terry stools
  • Lack of urination
  • Dehydration
  • Abrupt cessation of bowel movement

Different zones of abdominal pain have different causes, as given below:


Causes Of Lower Abdominal Pain

Lower abdominal pain occurs due to having:

  • Appendices
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Ectopic pregnancy


Causes Of Central Abdominal Pain

Central abdominal pain occurs due to having:

  • Appendices
  • Internal injury
  • Uraemia
  • Gastroenteritis


Causes Of Upper Abdominal Pain

Upper abdominal pain can occur due to having:

  • Gallstones
  • Heart attack
  • Hepatitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Liver inflammation


Causes Of Lower Left Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain in the lower left side can occur due to having:

  • Crohn’s disease
  • Cancer
  • Kidney infection
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Appendices


Causes Of Upper Left Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain in the upper left side can occur due to having:

  • Cancer
  • Spleen
  • Kidney stones
  • Faecal impaction
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Heart attack


Causes Of Lower Right Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain in the lower right side can occur due to experiencing:

  • Flu
  • Cancer
  • Kidney infection
  • Hernia
  • Appendices


Causes Of Upper Right Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain in the upper right side can occur due to experiencing:

  • Hepatitis
  • Injury
  • Pneumonia
  • Appendices


Symptoms Of Abdominal Pain

These are the following symptoms that are associated with abdominal discomfort or pain:

  • Bleating
  • Belching
  • Diarrhoea
  • Heartburn
  • Constipation
  • Indigestion
  • GARD
  • Gas
  • Pelvic discomfort


Diagnosis Of Abdominal Pain

The underlying cause of abdominal pain can be diagnosed by following tests and ways:


     i.        Physical Examination

During physical examination, doctor observes the sounds coming from intestines, signs of inflammation, and mass in any abdomen zone by touching the different zones of abdomen.


    ii.        Laboratory Tests

The following laboratory tests help doctors to diagnose the underlying causes of abdominal pain:

  • Complete blood count test
  • Level of liver enzymes
  • Level of pancreatic enzymes as amylase and lipase
  • Pregnancy test to determine the position of the infant
  • Urinalysis test
  • Plain X-ray also helps to determine the amounts of fluids and air in intestines


   iii.        Radiographic Diagnosis Approaches

Following radiographic tests also helps to diagnose the causes of abdominal pain as:

  • Ultrasound
  • Computerized tomography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Barium X-Ray
  • Capsule enterostomy
  • Electrocardiogram


Treatment Of Abdominal Pain

Treatment of abdominal pain depends on the underlying cause and duration of pain. If the abdominal pain is for a short period of time and mostly occurs after having meal, it shows an unhealthy diet. This condition requires a healthy diet. If the pain is persistent and severe then it requires specific medications and sometimes require surgery to treat it. The following treatment methods can relieve abdominal pain:


i.             Self-Care Measures

Most of the time, digestive discomforts are causes of abdominal pain so, these self-care measures can be helpful as:

  • Avoiding solid and salty food
  • Sipping clear and filter water
  • Avoid dairy products and citrus food
  • Resting under you feel better
  • Walk at least for 10-15 minutes after having food


ii.            Medication Option

We shouldn’t take aspirin, ibuprofen or other medicines without doctor’s prescription because they can cause irritation in the stomach and increase the pain. Doctors, after determining the underlay cause, can prescribe following medications:

  • Antibiotics to treat infections
  • Drugs to reduce inflammation
  • Medications to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Drugs to manage the inflammatory bowel disease


iii.          Surgeries

Sometimes, underlying cause can’t be treated without surgery. So, for those conditions, the surgery or specific procedures are required to treat them as:

  • Injection of a numbing agent
  • Corticosteroids injections
  • Hernia repair surgery
  • Appendectomy

Abdominal pain causes discomfort between the chest and pelvic region. There are different causes of abdominal pains in a specific region of abdomen. The location of pain and severity of the abdominal pain indicate underlying cause of abdominal pain. Different symptoms associated with abdominal pain also help us to recognize a cause of the pain. Various diagnoses methods are used to determine the cause of abdominal pain and its specific location in the abdomen. Various treatment methods are available to treat abdominal pain, but treatment method depends on location, cause and severity of abdominal pain. Some self-care measures can be taken to relieve the abdominal pain and to start the specific treatment for that cause.


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