Sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sexual contact. Symptoms of STD in females are vaginal itching, rashes, unusual discharge, pain, and vaginal sores etc. There are also some other general symptoms of STD in females, such as fever, dark urine, muscle or joint pain, itching, and small, flesh-colored or gray swellings in your genital, while many STDs display no symptoms at all. If left untreated, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) may cause fertility concerns as well as an increased risk of cervical cancer. According to WHO, every year, about 376 million new transmissions of syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis are reported across the globe. So, these STDs require proper identification testing and treatments to control their spread.
Causes of STDs
STDs or STIs can be caused by:
Gonorrhoea, syphilis and chlamydia are examples of STDs that are caused by bacteria.
Trichomoniasis is an STD caused by a parasite.
STDs caused by viruses include HPV, genital herpes and HIV.
Common symptoms of STD in females
Women should be aware of possible STD symptoms so that they can seek medical advice if necessary. Some of the most common symptoms of STD in females are:
i. Changes in urination
One of the symptoms of STD in females is changes in urination. Pain or a burning feeling when urinating, a need to urinate more often or the presence of blood in the urine may all be signs of an STD.
ii. Abnormal vaginal discharge
Abnormal vaginal discharge is another symptom of STDs in females. Throughout a woman’s cycle, or even in the absence of a period, the appearance and consistency of vaginal discharge vary. A thick, white discharge may identify a yeast infection. Yellow or green discharge may indicate Gonorrhoea or trichomoniasis.
iii. Itching in the vaginal area
Itching is one of the primary symptoms of STD in females. Itching is a nonspecific symptom that may or may not be related to an STI. Sex-related causes for vaginal itching may include:
- Allergic reaction to a latex condom
- Yeast infection
- Pubic lice or scabies
- Genital warts
iv. Pain during sex
Abdominal or pelvic pain can be one of the symptoms of STD in females. It is most commonly caused by the advanced stage of chlamydia or gonorrhoea.
v. Abnormal bleeding
Abnormal bleeding is one of the possible symptoms of STD in females, varying in color and thickness.
vi. Rashes or sores
Sores or tiny pimples around the mouth or vagina can indicate herpes, HPV, or syphilis.
Many STDs have no symptoms or indications (asymptomatic). You may transmit the disease to your sex partners even if you don’t have any symptoms. As a result, it’s critical to wear protection during intercourse, such as a condom. Also, see your doctor for STD screening regularly so you can detect and treat an infection before it spreads.
Other symptoms of STD in females
There are some other general symptoms of STD in females as below:
- Behavior changes
- Movement problems
- Lack of coordination
- Numbness and paralysis
- Rash marked by red or reddish-brown, penny-sized sores over any area of your body, including your palms and soles
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Fatigue and a vague feeling of discomfort
- Soreness and aching
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal pain or discomfort, Dark urine
- Muscle or joint pain
- Several warts close together that take on a cauliflower shape
- Itching or discomfort in your genital area
- Bleeding with intercourse
- Persistent, unexplained fatigue
- Soaking night sweats
- Shaking chills or fever higher than 100.4 F (38 C) for several weeks
- Swelling of lymph nodes for more than three months
- Chronic diarrhoea
- Persistent headaches
- Unusual, opportunistic infections
How soon do STI symptoms appear?
It depends on which sexually transmitted infection (STI) you have. . Symptoms may emerge in a matter of days or weeks, but they can also take months or even years to manifest. There are often little or no symptoms, and you may be unaware that you have an STD. If you think you may have an STD, visit a sexual health clinic or your doctor for a private check-up.
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