Everything you need to know about STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)

by | Jul 14, 2021 | UrgentWay Blog

Sexually transmitted diseases are the infections passed from one person to another person through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. It is also known as sexually transmitted infection (STI) or venereal disease (VD). Bacteria, viruses, and parasites cause sexually transmitted diseases. According to an estimation, approximately 25% of Americans are experiencing incurable sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). These sexually transmitted diseases are common among people 15 to 24 years of age and can have long-term consequences.



Significant causes of sexually transmitted diseases

There are the following there significant causes of sexually transmitted diseases:


i.                Bacteria

These bacteria are primarily responsible for having sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis.


ii.              Viruses

The viruses that trigger sexually transmitted diseases are HIV/AIDS, herpes simplex virus, human papillomavirus, hepatitis B virus, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Zika.


iii.            Parasites

Following parasites are also responsible for having sexually transmitted diseases such as trichomonas vaginalis, or insects such as crab lice or scabies mites1.


Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases


There are different symptoms of  sexually transmitted diseases in males and females, such as the following:


Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases in males

Men may experience the following symptoms of sexually transmitted infections:

  • Burning and itching in the penis
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Pain around pelvis
  • Burning and pain during bowel movement
  • Excessive urination
  • Bumps, blisters, and sores on penis, anus, or mouth


Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases in females

Women may experience the following symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases:

  • Burning and itching in the vagina
  • Discharge from vagina
  • Unusual bleeding from the vagina
  • Pain during sex
  • Bumps, blisters, and sores on vagina, anus, or mouth
  • Burning and pain with urine discharge
  • Excessive urination
  • Pain around the pelvis


Common sexually transmitted diseases

Following are the most common sexually transmitted diseases:

  1. Chlamydia
  2. Human papillomavirus
  3. Syphilis
  4. HIV
  5. Public lice
  6. Trichomoniasis
  7. Genital Herpes
  8. Gonorrhea
  9. Scabies
  10. Genital warts


Risk factors

Exposure with STD infected person via sex is the primary cause to have sexually transmitted diseases, but some risk factors increase this risk, such as:


Having unprotected sex

Anal or vaginal penetration by an infected person who is not wearing a latex condom significantly increases the risk of getting the sexually transmitted disease.


Sexual contact with multiple partners

The more people you have sexual contact with, the greater your risk of getting the sexually transmitted disease. Monogamous consecutive relationships also trigger this risk due to a series of partners at a time.


Forcefully sexual activity

Forcefully sexual intercourse as rape and assault is at higher risk of sexually transmitted diseases due to lack of hygiene, care, and the condom.


Being young

Being young is the major risk factor for having sexually transmitted diseases. Half the STIs occur in people between the ages of 15 and 24. This is due to the peak emotional age, lack of knowledge, and pleasures of sexual contact.


Effects of sexually transmitted disease

Effects of sexually transmitted diseases arise in the form of health complications. People who are suffering from the STD may have to experience the following complicated effects such as:


      i.          Pelvic Inflammatory disease

Sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and Chlamydia may cause Pelvic Inflammatory disease in women. Severe lower belly pain and pelvic pain are the symptoms of it.


    ii.          Pregnancy complications

Untreated STDs may lead to pregnancy complications such as premature birth, premature rupture of the membranes, and low birth weight of the fetus.


  iii.          Arthritis

Gonococcal arthritis is a rare complication of the STD gonorrhea. It caused joints pain and inflamed, resulting in joints pain and stiffness.


  iv.          Heart disease

Chlamydia infection is closely linked with heart complications. Chlamydia employs a sneaky tactic known as “molecular mimicry” that triggers an autoimmune response in the victim and eventually leads to inflammation of the heart.


    v.          Eye inflammation

Chlamydia and gonorrhea are significant causes of eye inflammation diseases. The infection gets into the eyes directly as semen fluid or indirectly when the victim rubs the eyes after touching genitals.


STDs are passed from one infected person to another when they come close to sexual contact. The responsible microbes are viruses, bacteria’s and parasites, which cause STDs. The major sexually transmitted diseases are Chlamydia, human papillomavirus, syphilis, trichomoniasis, genital herpes, gonorrhea, and Chlamydia. The risk factors as age also trigger to have STDs. These diseases damage our reproductive system rather than cause other health problems as eye complications, heart diseases, arthritis, and Inflammatory pelvic diseases.

UrgentWay offers quick, accurate, comfortable, and affordable STD screening. Our highly trained staff ensures your comfort before starting STD screening.

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